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Autism, or more formally known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by difficulties with social-communication and interaction, restricted/repetitive interests and behaviours, and sensory sensitivities.
Common features include:
Delayed or unusual speech
Unusual/reduced non-verbal communication
Reduced interest in peers/having friends
Difficulty navigating social interactions
Lack of social reciprocity e.g., one-sided conversations
Insisting on sameness/difficulty coping with change
Odd/intense interests e.g., mobile phone plans
Unusual/repetitive mannerisms e.g., hand flapping
Stereotyped play e.g., lining up objects
Lack of imaginative/pretend play
Echoing others' speech/things heard e.g., "doors closing, please stand clear"
Compulsive/ritualistic behaviour e.g., only eating white foods
Sensory seeking behaviours e.g., mouthing objects
Sensory sensitivities e.g., loud noise, bright lights
What is autism
What we offer
At our clinic, we offer comprehensive ASD assessments for children aged 3-12. The main assessment instruments used are the ADOS-2, ADI-R, and SRS-2. Use of the ADOS-2 and ADI-R in combination are considered the gold standard approach for ASD testing.
How autism testing can help
Determining whether a child meets criteria for ASD
Gaining greater insight into a child's strengths and challenges and therefore how to best support them
Determining appropriate interventions/supports to strengthen/address issues identified in the assessment
Accessing extra supports at school e.g. classroom adjustments/accomodations and special exam provisions
Accessing government funding e.g. NDIS funding, Centrelink Carer’s Allowance
Evaluating intervention progress or re-evaluating strengths and weaknesses
Autism testing typically involves four stages:
The first step is for your child to be assessed on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2), which is an observational assessment designed to assess social-communication and interaction, and restricted/repetitive interests and behaviours.
Duration: 1 - 1.5 hours
Your clinician will then meet with you to gather a comprehensive history about your child's social-communication and interaction, and behaviour. We generally use the Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised Edition (ADI-R) to achieve this.
Duration: 3 hours
You and your child's teacher(s) are then required to complete an online assessment (Social Responsiveness Scale, 2nd Edition) which looks at social communication/interaction and restricted/repetitive behaviours.
Duration: 15 - 20 minutes (per questionnaire)
Once testing is complete, it typically takes 3 weeks for your clinician to score and prepare your report. Your clinician will then meet with you to discuss the results and recommendations. Your report will contain a detailed overview of the results and individually-tailored recommendations.
Duration: 1-1.5 hours
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